refining a research paper

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Refining a research paper writing descriptive and narrative essay

Refining a research paper

Ask speculative questions. Ask What if? Ask how the topic fits into larger contexts. Ask questions that reflect disagreements with a source. Ask questions that build on agreements with a source. Ask questions about the nature of the thing itself, as an independent entity. Ask questions analogous to those that others have asked about similar topics. Turn positive questions into a negative ones.

Look for questions posed in scholarly articles; ask part of the questions. Find a Web discussion list on your topic A manual for writing, , pp It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Databases offer a large number of resources in full text, meaning that the article or book is available in its entirety usually in.

If the resource is not available in full text, the database will provide a citation for the item, and maybe its abstract. This should be enough to help you decide whether you need to find the full text or move on to another resource. Subject headings are a "controlled vocabulary," an authoritative list of terms assigned by the database to organize resources.

The most common subject headings are created and maintained by the Library of Congress Library of Congress Subject Headings. Most databases use LCSH to organize resources. Databases may also have their own controlled vocabulary, or thesaurus, of terms. Publication lists the journals, magazines, and newspapers where you can find the article. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older.

This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Updated January How can I refine my results? Source type Different types of sources contain different kinds of information.

In most databases, you'll encounter the following source types, often known by these names: Article : relatively short up to 50 pages pieces of writing on a specific subject, from a specific perspective. Most scientific research is published in this medium, and many humanities scholars use articles as a platform to launch and test out new ideas for future books.

Citation : a reference that points to the location of a work. Use citations to find the location, and request the full item through interlibrary loan. Review : usually refers to a piece of scholarship that addresses the value of a book to the larger academic field, or one that discusses the state of an academic field as a whole.

Case study : a piece of research that examines a single instance or a few instances of a phenomenon in depth. Book : a standalone piece of writing in monograph form. Conference proceedings : a collection of short writings that were the basis for a presentation at a conference. Magazines : collections of articles. Usually refers to popular resources. Journal : collections of articles and reviews. Usually refers to scholarly resources, and may contain peer-reviewed articles.

Dissertation : the final stage of earning a Ph. Dissertations are heavily edited and supervised by major scholars in the field, but they are not peer reviewed. Academic and popular sources Academic and popular sources Peer Review in 3 minutes video Scholarly literature is written for an academic audience, in academic journals and peer-reviewed articles, and popular literature is written for mass appeal, in trade publications, magazines, and newspapers.

Full text Databases offer a large number of resources in full text, meaning that the article or book is available in its entirety usually in. If you can't find the full text for a resource, you can: Check Find It CSU-Pueblo for Full Text This will search for the article in other library databases Look for it in print The library still subscribes to a handful of print journals, which can be found on the 3rd floor Request it through Interlibrary Loan Our library will request an electronic copy of the article from another library and email it to you.

Subject headings Subject headings are a "controlled vocabulary," an authoritative list of terms assigned by the database to organize resources. To search by subject headings: You must use the exact, complete, subject heading to return results if you are using the 'subject heading' or 'subject' field. Check the menu at the top of the database screen to see if there is a thesaurus or subject list.

You can enter your keyword and it will tell you what subject heading to use instead.

ESL THESIS WRITER FOR HIRE FOR PHD

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For chat hours see Hale Library's calendar. Step 1: Choose your topic help generating main ideas for your paper. Step 2: Find sources help locating books, articles, and more. Step 3: Evaluate sources help determining if your sources enhance or detract from your paper. Step 4: Organize your information help getting your sources together. Step 5: Draft Your Paper help formulating that first draft. The Research Process Check out these books on the research process.

G53 - on reserve at the library help desk, 2nd floor of Hale Library. P83 - on reserve at the library help desk, 2nd floor of Hale Library. B23 A thorough treatise on finding your way through the deluge of information out there, this guide is great for finding out about the many types of sources--AND--how to use them effectively. In this study, At these percent of solvent and surfactant the maximum removal percent obtained was Environmental Justice in the oil refinery industry: A panel analysis across United States counties.

Environmental injustice due to economic inequality and its correlates and consequences has been a focus for researchers and policy makers alike over many years, with much of that research focusing on race as the major determinant of Environmental injustice due to economic inequality and its correlates and consequences has been a focus for researchers and policy makers alike over many years, with much of that research focusing on race as the major determinant of inequality.

In this paper we extend this literature by focussing on emissions from the oil refinery industry at the community level. In particular, based on the use of panel data, we analyse econometrically how the environmental performance of individual petroleum refineries emissions of benzene and toluene to the atmosphere associates with determinants of economic inequality at the micro-level in terms of average per capita income at the level of United States counties as well as average county-level unemployment rates.

The paper finds evidence of environmental injustice as a result of unemployment levels in areas around refineries and, to a slightly lesser extent, as a result of income inequality. It discusses these results in a wider context, referring amongst other things to the role of county-level community characteristics and the potential for private firms to substitute for the intervention of public institutions, if these are lacking.

Gasoline is a highly flammable liquid derived mainly from crude oil that is used primarily as an energy source for internal combustion engines. To be competitive, gasoline must meet certain standards of high quality such as Octane number, To be competitive, gasoline must meet certain standards of high quality such as Octane number, Ried Vapor Pressure RVP , and minimal environmental pollutions.

This work aims at optimizing the production of a high-quality gasoline blend that meets the Octane number, RVP, Economic and Environmental standards, using varying oxygenates. After a simple weighting method, the Ethanol was selected as the optimal blend having a net savings of The Blend was further optimized using RSM. The optimization results showed that SRG was the main contributor to NOx emissions, ethanol was a significant contributor to the TTC emissions while Butane had no effect of both emissions.

The new optimized ethanol-blend gave a further The economics of a gasoline blending plant was evaluated, giving a pay-back period of 2. This showed that the process would be highly profitable. New trends in improving gasoline quality and octane through naphtha isomerization: a short review. The octane enhancement of light straight run naphtha is one of the significant solid acid catalyzed processes in the modern oil refineries due to limitations of benzene, aromatics, and olefin content in gasoline.

This paper aims to This paper aims to examine the role of various catalysts that are being utilized for the isomerization of light naphtha with an ambition to give an insight into the reaction mechanism at the active catalyst sites, and the effect of various contaminants on catalyst activity.

In addition, different technologies used for isomerization process are evaluated and compared by different process parameters. Dr Mohammad Rehan. Dissertation: Petroleum Performances. ABSTRACT In chemical engineering applications, process design and operation need to be optimized for criteria such as profit, capital cost, conversion, yield and emissions simultaneously. Hence, multi-objective optimization MOO has Hence, multi-objective optimization MOO has found numerous applications in chemical engineering, particularly since the late s.

Bhaskar et al. Recently, Masuduzzaman and Rangaiah have reviewed the reported applications of MOO in chemical engineering from the year until middle of the year In this chapter, we summarize about articles on MOO in chemical engineering and related areas, published from the year until June , under six groups: i process design and operation, ii petroleum refining, petrochemicals and polymerization, iii food industry, biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, iv power generation and carbon dioxide emissions, v renewable energy, and vi hydrogen production and fuel cells.

The first group and the last three groups have seen a significant increase in the number of papers published since the late s. This paper undertakes a comparative analysis of the stock market perception of risk in US listed water transportation companies and seven other main sectors, air transportation; rail transportation; trucks; electricity; gas; petroleum This paper undertakes a comparative analysis of the stock market perception of risk in US listed water transportation companies and seven other main sectors, air transportation; rail transportation; trucks; electricity; gas; petroleum refining; and real estate over the period Performance evaluation of HDS catalysts by distribution of sulfur compounds in naphtha.

Application of the exergy concept in the petroleum refining and petrochemical industry. The solubility studies of corn oil triglycerides in hydrotrope solution were been studied in Naresh et al Here, the interaction of triglyceride molecule of Corn oil with hydrotrope solution has been discussed in detail.