professional phd admission paper sample

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Professional phd admission paper sample top papers ghostwriter for hire for school

Professional phd admission paper sample

Many of these tips also apply to writing personal statements for other graduate program applications. Tell us about you! The whole point of the essay is for you to tell us who you are. The essay should convey your intellectual trajectory and how to came to the decision to further your education. Do not waste space telling the university and faculty how great they are and how much of an honor it would be to study under such brilliant minds they already think that.

We want to know who you are. Answer the questions: Why do you want to obtain this degree? Why do you want to focus on this field e. Why do you wish to study at this particular university? Tell us how you fit with our program. Answer the question: Why are you a good match for this program? While point one says you should avoid showering faculty with praise, you should demonstrate knowledge of the program. What ideas and questions get you excited? Do you truly enjoy doing research?

Give us some examples that display your intellectual curiosity in action. PhD programs are all about training you to do high-quality, independent research. That is the purpose. In your statement, an emphasis on a love for teaching can be detrimental if it comes across as your primary objective.

It is true that having a PhD qualifies you to become a university instructor. However, teaching may or may not be a part of your doctoral program. Even if it is, the faculty will want to see that you are focused on research. Help out the admissions committee by highlighting any relevant experience and skills you have. Be sure to point out any research experience in your essay even if mentioned on your resume.

Such experience, in any context, helps demonstrate your interests and skill set. Also be sure to mention any other relevant skills for research that you may possess such as computer programming e. Be sure to highlight any recognition you received for writing; high level writing skills are a major plus. Admissions committees will not react well if it appears you are hiding or avoiding a topic.

Failure is a common event in research. Showing how you successfully rebounded from setbacks bodes well for you. But, surprisingly, we often see sloppily written essays with typos, poor grammar, addressed to a different university and any other number of mistakes that could have easily been fixed. Be sure to ask others to proofread these essays for you. A sloppy essay signals you would be a sloppy researcher. If you have work experience in the field, please note that this is not always helpful in applying to PhD programs.

If you can link your work experience to your motivation and the relevant research topics, great! Be sure to do that. In particular, be sure to share your essays with your recommendation writers. That helps them write stronger letters of support for you and ensures what they say is consistent with what you are saying. Make sure to take an English proficiency test:.

Part of doing post-graduate research especially in a Ph. How do you keep the reader engaged while they go through your letter? Amateur writers fall into the trap of excessive, unnecessary preambles. As a general rule for good writing, this kind of statement is, frankly, useless and annoying. Someone reading this sentence thinks you're either trying to fill space or just trying to show off.

Committee members are just trying to find information about you that will let them decide your suitability for the programme. The last thing you want to do is bore them with unnecessary junk. Students writing personal statements always feel tempted to present stories from their personal history. This kind of details are much more concrete, especially if there is a direct link between these experiences and what you will be doing in your graduate studies programme. These are the things that will set you apart from other applicants.

Find PhD programmes abroad. For one thing, every programme has its own unique set of questions that they want answered in your personal statement. Instead, you should have a good personal statement that is uniquely tailored to every programme. Some information will overlap, but much of it will not. Another reason to avoid this technique is that it often ends in embarrassing mistakes and errors in the personal statement.

Errors like this come about when an applicant decides to use the same template for every school he or she is applying to. The easiest and most certain way to avoid such an egregious error would be to simply write a new strong statement for each school hence our first piece of advice: allow yourself plenty of extra time.

Explore more than Master's programmes from all around the world with Studyportals. We are Studyportals, the 1 education platform to find your best matching studies for free. D Application. Your personal statement should answer questions like: What contribution do you plan to make to society if you follow the programme? Why is the programme you are applying for the right one? Why is this programme the logical next step considering your personality and previous studies?

How to start and end a personal statement letter? Planning your time for writing a personal statement How long should your personal statement be? And how much time should you invest in writing it? Use this information to your advantage. Show that your interests align with those who already work in that department and that your research will find a comfortable home there. Only present your life-story if it adds to the statement Students writing personal statements always feel tempted to present stories from their personal history.

However, there are key aspects of your personal history that will be useful here: Talk about that time you did an internship , and what you got from that work experience. Talk about your own major research project and what you discovered about yourself. This is an enormous mistake! What should you include in your personal statement? Prove you are right for this course — do your research on what the programme offers and what is expected of you and show how you fit the requirements.

Talk about your extracurricular activities — show how you went the extra mile. Show how they all fit together — how they have defined the path that you want to take. Have any teachers or tutors really had an impact on your life? Include relevant experiences - What sealed your interest on the subject. This may be a volunteering programme, summer school, summer job, internship, visits to places that left an impression on you.

Review these successful graduate school statement of purpose examples, expert tips, and strategies to help you create your own effective essay.

Fresher resume format for it engineers You step into the elevator with them and, between the some advice for college students essay floor and the floor where they are getting off, you must convince them why you would be the right choice. From the age of 16 to 21, I worked as a volunteer at an after-school care program for children and teens from disadvantaged backgrounds. For example, if you wish to become an educator but have no specific course or university in mind, literary analysis of success is counted sweetest what attracts you to this vocation and how the program would prepare you for such a role. Consulting and Research. Thinking of this quote one summer evening, as I walked around my beloved New York City, I was inspired to commit to a future in architecture. I saw that completed building a year later — a grey block of steel that did not utilize any of the original park space. If you find yourself struggling to write your introduction, set it aside until you have written the body and conclusion of your statement.
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The running of the country can be viewed commercially as a business enterprise by the economists. The business needs to be run in equilibrium; a balance between supply and demand must be stricken if the entrepreneur or the owner of the enterprise is to enjoy any benefits accrued by running a business. In the case of a country, it should be governed in a way that that the prices of goods and services are kept in control. The stakeholders must not let the prices escalate beyond the ability of a typical citizen.

Similarly, the release of cash into the economy should be maintained so that the flow of money is monitored and controlled, hence preserving the value of that particular currency. This proposal will dig into inflation and find out how inflation has affected economies of a country, in particular, Zimbabwe and the ways to stabilize this condition. The dynamics of hyperinflation will also be looked into in detail to bring out the real picture and the damages it causes to an economy.

The proposal will also focus on the causes of inflation in Zimbabwe and the how the theories of hyperinflation have applied in this context. The proposal will also look at the quantity theory of money and how it is associated with hyperinflation. Hyperinflation can be defined as a situation where the prices of goods and services escalate beyond control that the concept of inflation is an understatement.

Countries in hyperinflation usually experience rapid erosion of the real value of local currency prompting the population to hold a relatively stable foreign currency. Hyperinflation makes the prices of goods and services in an economy to rise rapidly since the value of the local currency loses the real value quickly. It should be observed that Zimbabwe was the only country that was experiencing hyperinflation and the first in the 21st century to have hyperinflation.

Inflation in Zimbabwe has been perceived in two ways. First, the private sector speculation which the Zimbabwean authorities argue that the private sector rises up the prices intentionally to maximize profits on to pile pressure on the economy through ruthless price increments.

Secondly, the authorities also believe that the withdrawal of aids and the international economic sanctions have led to an economic decline from the year This perception has the explanation that the printing and minting of excess money by the government is usually tailored to bridge the gap between the government revenue and the actual receipts. This proposal to examine these concepts in depth. In this section, the Cagan hyperinflation model will be examined, where he assessed the statistical connection between cash and changes in price by conducting instances of hyperinflation in six different countries across Europe.

According to Cagan, the demand for money balances declined with increase in inflation, assuming inflation played a significant role in determining hyperinflation. Milton Friedman bases his view of hyperinflation in quantity theory of money. This theory states that the relationship between money and the price level is directly proportional. This relationship implies that inflation will increase with an increase in money supply and the continued trend will lead to hyperinflation.

In Zimbabwe, the supply of money and the prices of goods and services increased in tandem, as per the quantity theory of money because people opted to use the available cash immediately, rather than to wait on the depreciating cash. This, in turn, led to the increase of velocity as well as an increase of money through the printing of new currency, hence the exponential increase in prices of goods and services in Zimbabwe.

This proposal will seek to clarify the mechanisms through which money, the setting of price behavior and the requirements of government revenue collaborate in Zimbabwe, to examine the explanations put forth by the authorities about the hyperinflation in Zimbabwe.

To achieve this goal, the proposal will look at various models and tests that will lead to the understanding of the hyperinflation. In general, it is obvious that money engenders the rate of inflation, but the reverse could also be claimed to be true. It can be said that hyperinflation has self-perpetuating tendencies, due to the fact that the rise in prices of goods and services results in the rise in demand for nominal cash.

Thus, causation develops from inflation to supply of money. This test investigates the amount of the existing value of money and premium is a utilizable component in the prediction of inflation. This model provides the classical quantity theory of money which believes that institutional factors determine the rate of money circulation. The economy is assumed to be or close to the real GDP. In this case, the growth of money does not have an effect in the real GDP. This implies that holding both variables constant, the growth rate of money is directly proportional to the rate of inflation.

Inflation reduces money demand due to an increase in the opportunity cost of holding money. Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe increased the parallel market premium and consequently, a change in the parallel market premium affected the velocity of cash in the circulation. The data used here was derived from various sources including the website of the RBZ.

The inflation data and money supply were collected from RBZ while parallel exchange rate was collected from Carmen M. The methodology in this paper employs heavily the ARDL co-integration approach for investigating the relationship between the inflation and its determinants. ARDL was used because it has several advantages over other models of co-integration. ARDL can be used with time series data, can also be employed in a general-to-specific modeling by including insufficient numbers to lags for the data generating and error correction model ECM can be derived using ARDL co-integration model.

Lagged change in the inflation and money supply growth are insignificant in the ARDL framework. Moreover, the ever-increasing prices are not unsustainable in the long-run; hence using the concept of long-run relations could give incorrect results.

Zimbabwe had almost all her prices listed in foreign currencies which fully wrote off inflation inertia. In this case, an exchange rate is a useful tool for curbing inflation rates thereby making stabilization of hyperinflation less costly in comparison to moderate methods of dealing with hyperinflation.

Through Ordinary Least Squares method, hyperinflation in Zimbabwe is said o have been caused by the rapid growth of paper money. The money demand model will seek to find out if this result is consistent. Additionally, a unit increase in the parallel market premium will result in an equivalent change in inflation.

High rates of interest will deter borrowing and foster saving, slowing the economy and hence disinflationary effects. However, this does not mean that, even here, there is nothing to learn from the masters of the past. It just means you need a well-balanced meal of classic and contemporary philosophical writing. So the most important thing is not only to be aware of the importance of your writing sample, but to start doing the kinds of things that will make you well prepared for developing it.

By Enoch Lambert. Performance on standardized exams is not always the most reliable guide to whether one can excel at philosophy; thankfully, good graduate programs know this. The earlier that aspiring philosophy Ph. A great way to improve your PhD admissions chances would be to spend time during a summer improving your best philosophical paper to date.

What you read is nearly as important as what you write. Finally, in order to produce the best sample you can, you need to develop the kind of relationship with one of your professors such that he or she can help you select your most promising work, and then work with you to help you whip it into application-ready shape. Developing such a relationship goes hand in hand with improving your prospects for the other most important part of the application—faculty recommendations--but that's a topic for another post.

Health Professions. Law School. Graduate School. High School. Middle School. Related Content July 14, The draft-drain-refine approach for personal statements and other writing. April 30, Overwhelmed by the graduate school application process? Here are five tips to help you get started. March 26, Making your personal statement stand out in just the first two lines. November 4, 5 tips for authentic interviewing. October 26, How to write the statement of purpose for PhD programs in the humanities and social sciences.

November 20, So, you want a PhD in science or engineering… Is graduate school right for me? Clear Tags close Close. Blog We found results. College High School Middle School. Tutors Blog Join us.

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This, in turn, led to the increase of velocity as well as an increase of money through the printing of new currency, hence the exponential increase in prices of goods and services in Zimbabwe. This proposal will seek to clarify the mechanisms through which money, the setting of price behavior and the requirements of government revenue collaborate in Zimbabwe, to examine the explanations put forth by the authorities about the hyperinflation in Zimbabwe.

To achieve this goal, the proposal will look at various models and tests that will lead to the understanding of the hyperinflation. In general, it is obvious that money engenders the rate of inflation, but the reverse could also be claimed to be true. It can be said that hyperinflation has self-perpetuating tendencies, due to the fact that the rise in prices of goods and services results in the rise in demand for nominal cash.

Thus, causation develops from inflation to supply of money. This test investigates the amount of the existing value of money and premium is a utilizable component in the prediction of inflation. This model provides the classical quantity theory of money which believes that institutional factors determine the rate of money circulation. The economy is assumed to be or close to the real GDP. In this case, the growth of money does not have an effect in the real GDP.

This implies that holding both variables constant, the growth rate of money is directly proportional to the rate of inflation. Inflation reduces money demand due to an increase in the opportunity cost of holding money. Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe increased the parallel market premium and consequently, a change in the parallel market premium affected the velocity of cash in the circulation. The data used here was derived from various sources including the website of the RBZ. The inflation data and money supply were collected from RBZ while parallel exchange rate was collected from Carmen M.

The methodology in this paper employs heavily the ARDL co-integration approach for investigating the relationship between the inflation and its determinants. ARDL was used because it has several advantages over other models of co-integration.

ARDL can be used with time series data, can also be employed in a general-to-specific modeling by including insufficient numbers to lags for the data generating and error correction model ECM can be derived using ARDL co-integration model. Lagged change in the inflation and money supply growth are insignificant in the ARDL framework.

Moreover, the ever-increasing prices are not unsustainable in the long-run; hence using the concept of long-run relations could give incorrect results. Zimbabwe had almost all her prices listed in foreign currencies which fully wrote off inflation inertia. In this case, an exchange rate is a useful tool for curbing inflation rates thereby making stabilization of hyperinflation less costly in comparison to moderate methods of dealing with hyperinflation.

Through Ordinary Least Squares method, hyperinflation in Zimbabwe is said o have been caused by the rapid growth of paper money. The money demand model will seek to find out if this result is consistent. Additionally, a unit increase in the parallel market premium will result in an equivalent change in inflation.

High rates of interest will deter borrowing and foster saving, slowing the economy and hence disinflationary effects. The Treasury bill by the Zimbabwe government had turned the interest rates negative and this manipulation discouraged savings by the households. As per the Quantity Theory of money, hyperinflation in Zimbabwe could have been a monetary phenomenon and the only way to curb it would be to constrain the unnecessary money supply growth.

Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe had severe adverse effects on the economy in regard to wealth, savings and deposits. Prices of essential goods and services became unreachable, especially to those on inflexible incomes. Countermeasures including price controls and foreign currencies ban to control the then escalating levels of inflation and the devaluation of the Zimbabwean currency were taken. The Zimbabwean dollar value diminished at a faster rate and the RBZ could not keep up with the printing.

This study aimed at finding the causes of hyperinflation in Zimbabwe by using the right econometric models. Its main aim is to find out if the growth of money has a positive effect on inflation. Additionally, it will be aimed at finding out whether the parallel market premium is directly proportional to the growth of inflation.

Whether money supply is the primary driver of hyperinflation in Zimbabwe, the findings of the research will provide the answer. BBC News,. Cato Institute,. Larochelle, C. Alwang, and N. Journal of African Economies McIndoe Calder, Tara. SSRN Journal n. Makochekanwa, A. The University of Pretoria, Department of Economics : n. Sokic, Alexandre. German Economic Review Works, Anchor.

So check it out! You can also find out more helpful examples of research proposals if you contact us. People often ask me what I did to get into my graduate program and assume that I must have scored very well on the GRE and probably worked with a GRE tutor. Even getting a perfect score on the writing portion of the GRE is neither enough, nor even necessary, for a successful philosophy application. An excellent piece of philosophical writing is the sine qua non for a competitive application.

But this is not because, say, sophomore philosophy majors ought to immediately begin crafting an essay specifically for an application and then spend the rest of their undergraduate lives perfecting it. But how does one do that? But not only those. For while there are standards and conventions peculiar to philosophical writing, there are ones common to most disciplines as well.

Take every writing assignment in every class as an opportunity to improve. For this is exactly what developing your writing sample will turn into, and it is best for it not to be the first time you have gone through the process. Every paper that has ever been written could be improved. Bug your professor to give you more advice on how it can be improved. Stretch yourself to edit it for mistakes and to ponder ways it could be made better.

Spend some time over the summer trying to make it the best paper you can. Finally, see if your professor will look at the improved version again in the fall and give you yet more feedback. While practicing writing is the most important part of developing your writing, the proper kind of reading is of enormous importance as well.

One learns to write like a philosopher through being exposed to lots and lots of philosophical writing. This means that you need to read philosophical works not only for their philosophical content, but also for their writing style. You need to ask yourself questions about how a paper is written. Why is the overall structure as it is?

Why did the author put this particular point this way? What are common stylistic themes across the different papers I read? Another good exercise that one of my undergraduate professors recommended to me is to actually copy out extended passages from famous works and arguments in the philosophical canon. Among other things, when done with proper focus, this can force you to confront and answer the above questions for the best writing available. An important caveat applies to the above, though.

Your writing sample needs to show that you have the ability to write the kind of essays that get published in academic journals today, and that is a very different style from some of the great works of history. So you need to read a lot of contemporary journal articles, ask for some guidance from professors, and, for some of the best ones, look beyond what they assign in class.